||The primary aim of this project is to produce an analytical model for understanding the historical importance of urban rivalry to city identities and cultures in Australia and internationally. It will do this by connecting research into the political, economic and social dimensions of city identity formation, with research into the more prosaic communication of inter-city rivalry via different forms of media rhetoric. The research will be focused on two case studies: a) Melbourne/Sydney; b) Tokyo/Kansai metropolitan area. The research tests the proposition that the cultural identity of individual cities is not, as is often assumed, innate, but emerges from a process of constant comparison. The focus of our research is a critical interest in the popular dynamics of urban identity formation and its wider communication, particularly in terms of cities that arein close competition for national, regional or global resources.